Friday, November 29, 2019

APQP (Advanced Product Quality Planning) | How it is done in an organization | QSQTECH.COM


Hey guys, Today, we will understand about Advanced Product Quality Control (APQP).
So let's start,

We are covering below topic; 
APQP "Brainstorming" image

Quality management system has 5 core tools and listed as below:
  1. APQP (Advanced Product Quality Planning) 
  2. PPAP 
  3. MSA 
  4. SPC (Statistical Process Control) 
  5. FMEA 
APQP = Advanced Product Quality Planning 
APQP is the higher level of quality planning. 

Learn importantance of APQP (Advanced Product Quality Planning) : 

Below mentioned points will explain the necessity of APQP: 

1. Identify ways to improve 
2. Means for tracking and checking 
3. Contingency planning 
4. Without any plan..? 
5. Do it right first time 
6. Validation/Verification  
7. Better quality product 
8. To ensure customer satisfaction 

1. Identify ways to improve: It means, planning is very important to improvements. 

2. Means for tracking and checking: For whatever we are planning, for that we need a way so that we can track & check it. 

3. Contingency planning: If there is any problem in planning, it helps us to make contingency plan for that. 

4. Without any plan..? : Chances of failures are more if there is no plan. 

5. Do it right first time : By planning, we can make our project right at first time. 

6. Validation/Verification : We can do correctly validation/verification of part. 

7. Better quality product : Our product will turn out to be a better product. 

8. To Ensure customer satisfaction : Fully meeting customer requirements.

Quality Planning : 

It is a systematic approach in which we understand customer requirements and ensure that can we fulfill all customer requirements. 

Now friends, we'll understand about APQP.
APQP means Advanced Product Quality Planning. We do APQP while developing a new product and at that time it is planned that we understand all the customer requirements, so that when our SOP starts, there are no any problem at that time. 


Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) provides a structure for planning, defining and completing the necessary activities to develop a new product that are on target of customer's needs & expectations. 


During the late 80s, APQP program were in use by major player of the automotive industry "BIG 3" all had an APQP deployment and saw the need to come together to create a common core of product quality planning principles for suppliers. To make sure suppliers met customer's quality requirements for each component supplied.
After that it is popular in 19s and Automotive Industries Action Group (AIAG) agency was accepted this. 

Purpose of APQP: 

According to automotive industries action group (AIAG), the purpose of APQP is to provide a product quality plan which will support development of a new product that will satisfy the customer through timely completion of required goals with minimal or no quality issues.

There are 5 phases of APQP are as below: 

5 Phases of APQP: 

  1. Plan and define program 
  2. Product design, and development verification 
  3. Process design, and development verification 
  4. Product and process validation and production feedback 
  5. Launch, Assessment and Corrective action 

APQP “Brainstorming "  image #2

1. Plan and define program : 

In this phase, we define the new product that we are developing, what the product is, how it is and plan all activities to be done in it. A cross functional team is formed in which people from different departments are involved and all give their own input, brainstorming occurs and generate the concept in the first phase. 

2. Product design, and development verification :

In this phase, we understand the design and drawing of the new product that, how the design of the product is. After that, DFMEA (Design Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) done and find out the failures in it. 

3. Process design, and development verification : 

In this phase, we understand the process step by step that how it is done. Then we are done PFMEA of the process and find out the failures in it. 

4. Product and process validation and production feedback : 

In this phase, after we have designed the product and process, we run the production and validate its results to see how much valid our process is and how much well our products has been prepared. 
We consider it in the study. 

5.  Launch, Assessment and Corrective action : 

In this phase, after validation of products and process, we launch the production and start the initial production of new product. After that, we do the assessment that how our product is made and how many variation in the process.
If the variations of the process is high then we'll decide that which corrective action need to take. We work on all these things in 5th phase. 

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